Australian Brush Turkey

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_brushturkey

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The Australian brush turkey or Australian brush-turkey (Alectura lathami), also frequently called the scrub turkey or bush turkey, is a common, widespread species of mound-building bird from the family Megapodiidae found in eastern Australia from Far North Queensland to Illawarra in New South Wales. The Australian brush turkey has also been introduced to Kangaroo Island in South Australia. It is the largest extant representative of the family Megapodiidae and is one of three species to inhabit Australia. Despite its name and their superficial similarities, the bird is not closely related to American turkeys, or to the Australian bustard, which is also known as the bush turkey.

They build large nests on the ground made of leaves, other combustible material and earth, 1 to 1.5 metres high (3-4.5 ft) and up to 4 m (13 ft) across. Mound-building is done by a dominant male, and visited by a succession of local females, for mating and egg-laying. The male works tirelessly, collecting material from all around, and also diligently repelling rival males, who are keen to usurp his position. The effort involved eventually wears him down, and he will ultimately be defeated by a new king.

Brush Turkey eggs are a favourite food of goannas, snakes, and also dingoes and dogs though brush turkeys were also a staple of Aboriginal Australians. Often goannas exhibit wounds on their tails from having been pecked by brush turkeys who ferociously chase them away from their nests.

In situations where they come into contact with humans, such as picnic areas in national parks and suburban gardens, brush turkeys exhibit little fear and will often boldly attempt to steal food from tables and raid compost bins.

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Common Myna

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_myna

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The common myna (Acridotheres tristis), sometimes spelled mynah, also sometimes known as “Indian myna”,[2] is a member of the family Sturnidae (starlings and mynas) native to Asia. An omnivorous open woodland bird with a strong territorial instinct, the myna has adapted extremely well to urban environments.

The range of the common myna is increasing at such a rapid rate that in 2000 the IUCN Species Survival Commission declared it one of the world’s most invasive species and one of only three birds in the top 100 species that pose an impact to biodiversity, agriculture and human interests.[3] In particular, the species poses a serious threat to the ecosystems of Australia where it was named “The Most Important Pest/Problem”

Like most starlings, the common myna is omnivorous. It feeds on insects, arachnids, crustaceans, reptiles, small mammals, seeds, grain and fruits and discarded waste from human habitation. It forages on the ground among grass for insects, and especially for grasshoppers, from which it gets the generic name Acridotheres, “grasshopper hunter”. It however feeds on a wide range of insects, mostly picked from the ground.[6][16] It is a cross-pollinator of flowers such as Salmalia and Erythrina. It walks on the ground with occasional hops and is an opportunistic feeder on the insects disturbed by grazing cattle as well as fired grass fields.

Blue Heron

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http://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/great-blue-heron

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Often seen standing silently along inland rivers or lakeshores, or flying high overhead, with slow wingbeats, its head hunched back onto its shoulders. Highly adaptable, it thrives around all kinds of waters from subtropical mangrove swamps to desert rivers to the coastline of southern Alaska. With its variable diet it is able to spend the winter farther north than most herons, even in areas where most waters freeze.

He was in the mudflats at Russell Island….today, January 24 2017

 

Blue eyed Cockatoo

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue-eyed_cockatoo

The blue-eyed cockatoo is a large, approximately 50 centimetres (20 in) long, mainly white cockatoo with an erectile yellow and white crest, a black beak, dark grey legs, and a light blue rim of featherless skin around each eye, that gives this species its name. The sexes are very similar in appearance. Some males have a dark brown iris and some females have a reddish-brown iris, but this small difference is not always reliable as a gender indicator. The blue-eyed cockatoo is easily mistaken for the yellow-crested and sulphur-crested cockatoos, but has a more rounded crest with more white to the frontal part, and a brighter blue eye-ring. The Blue-eyed cockatoo reaches full maturity after 4 years and lives an average of 50 years

 

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The blue eyed cockatoo’s diet mainly consists of various seeds and nuts, as well as berries and fruits. They are also known to feed on insects and their larvae. They also have the same diet that an extra large parrot would have. Grains make up 50% of a blue eyed cockatoo’s diet. Vegetables and fruits make up 45% of the diet and seeds and nuts make up about 5% of their diet

 

Consequences of cutting down trees

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What happens when you cut down trees?

Sunrise...Travel Talk with Maggi

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There were three blocks of land that were full of trees. There were White gums, River Gums, paper barks, Grevilleas, different smaller shrubs and undergrowth, grasses and flowering plants. Someone bought the block next to me, and when I came home one evening, the top part of the block was bare, only a few trees remained at the shoreline next to the mangroves, and all the flowering trees were gone. Next a three level house was erected.

That house was sold while it was being built, and the block next to it was also sold. The couple who bought that block came and mowed it, cut down the smaller trees and sat under the tall trees and enjoyed their block. Then they stopped coming.

The house next door was sold again, and this time the man came to see me about the water drainage issue, and I told him that…

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Rainbow Bee Eater

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Merops ornatus     Meropidae

National: Listed as a Migratory species and a Marine species under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

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The Rainbow Bee-Eater is a spectacular bird. With its green, blue, chestnut and yellow plumage, its slim build, slender curved bill and distinctive streamers that extend from the end of its tail, it is simply beautiful. Bee-Eaters are a familiar sight in many lightly-timbered parts of mainland Australia, where they often perch on fence-posts or overhead wires, then launch after flying insects, flying swiftly, sometimes with rapid twists and turns, before snapping the insect in its bill, and returning to the perch to eat it.

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The Rainbow Bee-eater has, in the past, also been known as the Australian, Black-tailed or Pin-tailed Bee-eater; the Rainbow Bird, Rainbow-bird or Rain-bowbird; the Golden Merops or Golden Swallow; the Gold Digger or Gold Miner; the Pintail Sandpiper; or the Kingfisher, Pintail, Spinetail, Needlebeak or Berrin-berrin

 

The area of occupancy of the Rainbow Bee-eater in Australia has not been estimated. Trends in the area of occupancy have not been quantified, but records indicate that the distribution of the species (and, hence, the area of occupancy) has expanded in south-western Australia (Abbott et al. 1978; Storr & Johnstone 1988).

The number of locations that the Rainbow Bee-eater occurs in is unknown, and has not been estimated. The concept of discrete locations is difficult to apply to the Rainbow Bee-eater because of its widespread distribution and its ability to undertake long-distance movements

http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=670